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Wuhou Shrine

The Chengdu Wuhou Shrine was constructed as a temple to commemorate Liu Bei, his chancellor Zhuge Liang and other eminent Shu Han figures. Its existence originates from the first year of the Zhangwu Era under the reign of Emperor Zhaolie (Liu Bei) of Shu Han (221), when Liu Bei's Hui Mausoleum was being built, together with the Hanzhaolie Temple. Around 500 AD during the period of the Northern and Southern dynasties, Wuhou Shrine relocated from the "Shaocheng" ("young city") of Chengdu to a site next to Hui Tomb and Hanzhaolie Temple, which was a move that lasted up to the Ming dynasty. During the 23rd year of the Hongwu Era (1390) under the reign of Emperor Hongwu of Ming, when Zhu Chun, the Prince Shuxian of Ming, proceeded to the temple to pay homage, he decided to unify Hui Tomb, Hanzhaolie Temple and Wuhou Shrine into a single entity for the reason that "lord and ministers are suitable to be one". Since the magnificence of Zhuge Liang overshadows that of Liu Bei in the hearts of many common folks, thus in general the complex is referred to as "Wuhou Shrine". Toward the end of the Ming dynasty, Wuhou Shrine was destroyed in war, then reconstructed during the 10th year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi of Qing (1671), the outcome of which has preserved to this day. In 1984 the museum was established, in 1997 Sanyi Temple was wholly relocated to the Wuhou Shrine complex, in 2003 the Chengdu Nanjiao Park was incorporated as a part of shrine grounds, in October 2004 the Jinli pedestrian zone began operation, in 2008 Wuhou Shrine was elevated in status as a National Grade I Museum, and in January 2009 the second phase of Jinli was opened to the public. Occupying 150,000 square meters (230 mu), the shrine complex is made up of three main sections including the Three Kingdoms Cultural Relics Preservation Zone, Three Kingdoms Culture Experience Zone (as in the West Zone, the former Chengdu Nanjiao Park) and the Jinli Folk Customs Zone. Wuhou Shrine is known as the "mecca of the Three Kingdoms" for it is China's only shrine where lord and ministers are enshrined together, the most venerated memorial of Zhuge Liang, Liu Bei and other important Shu Han individuals, and the world's most influential Three Kingdoms relics museum. Average annual number of visitors received at the Wuhou Shrine reaches approximately ten million person times.